Brick ovens have been around for a long time and have improved in many ways from the way they function to the design of the oven itself. The purpose though remains the same and a lot of people still use it nowadays for business or for cooking their own special recipes. Regardless of how you intend to use it, there are a few important steps you must do properly if you plan on building your very own brick oven. It is necessary to be sure you do the necessary steps to avoid any problems with the way it functions and how its condition remains over time as well as to avoid any unwanted accidents in the future.
Step 1: Permit and Plan
The first thing you need to do is to check if you will be allowed to build your oven at your location since some areas may require permits, not specifically for brick ovens but this would be considered an outside fireplace or other terms. If it is legal for you to build the brick oven, then you will want to make sure you have a plan ready to follow as a guide. You can acquire a plan from a home construction or improvement stores as well as find them online where you can pick one which suits your needs and taste.
Step 2: Planning The Foundation
The foundation of your brick oven is one of the most important parts as this will be holding everything in the right place and can be expanded to fight the use you have. You can either plan out to have a foundation for the oven alone or even make your own patio if you choose. Simply measure the area where you would like the foundation to be made so that you can prepare for the next step. Be sure to have a space for the oven itself included if you attempt to have a larger space.
Step 3: Preparing The Foundation
After measuring the area where you plan on building your foundation begin by digging the area that you have measured it according the recommended depth which is usually 10 inches or more. Apply a frame or basic form which will be included in your plan or you can make one if you have a separate guide for one or already know how. This will hold things together for the time being and you will then dig the rest of the area inside the foundation area clearing it up to the measurement of the depth. Be sure to clear any other debris or unnecessary objects in the area of your foundation before proceeding.
Step 4: Filling In The Foundation
Place in your final part of your form if you only prepared a frame so that it can firmly be planted into the dirt as it must be sturdy to make sure it holds well. Pour a layer of crushed rock, gravel or any other suitable filling for the lower part of the foundation until you reach around 3 to 4 inches and make sure to flatten it out with a tool such as a tamper.
Step 5: Being Pouring Concrete
After making the gravel or rock fillings flat and compact, apply a wire mesh followed by a rebar grid to be the inner part for your foundation which will keep it together and sturdy. Begin to pour your mixed concrete until you fill the space until the proper height. Give the cement time to dry out but don’t rush it, it would be wise to give it a few days instead of a few hours and be sure to provide cover if it suddenly appears that rain will occur.
Step 6: Start Crafting & Preparing Parts
While waiting for the concrete to dry, it would be wise to prepare any other parts needed to build your brick oven. If you have not yet ordered the bricks for your brick oven as well as other important materials, now would be the time to do so. Commercial Bricklaying company BrickIt recommends using recycled bricks for any areas which will be rendered, whilst using thermal bricks for the exposed areas to ensure you have the best thermal seal. Crafting any other parts necessary for the brick oven during this time is advisable so when the concrete is dry you can proceed with building the brick oven.
Step 7: Begin With Bricklaying
Once everything is in order and the concrete is dry, proceed with building the brick oven by following the plan and laying the bricks while applying your mix that you intend to hold them together with. Most of the time builders will use concrete mix but this can have a chance to break due to the heat and it is advised to use a combination of clay and sand to cement the bricks together to avoid damage.
Step 8: Constructing The Oven
Once you have begun brick laying proceed with building the rest of the oven by placing each bring properly in the right places specified on the plan. Proceed until the oven is almost which is after building the base or stand of the oven, the hearth along with additional bricks, a dome for the shape and space inside along with a chimney which acts as the exhaust or exit point for smoke and finish it off with an entrance to the oven.
Step 9: Final Touches
Once you have constructed the oven, begin to insulate it by applying insulating concrete and applying the final blocks to be used. This will make sure the brick oven is insulated properly and the heat doesn’t destroy the new brick oven that you have just constructed and this will be the final step and will end with the result of your hard work as well as the design you have chosen and followed. Be sure to give it time to dry and continue on with any other additional minor designs if you plan to do so.
It is indeed fun to cook with brick ovens and even use them for business purposes. Having one is not only classy but it also provides a different way to cook as well as allow you to achieve a way of cooking unlike most ovens. This is also hard work that you have done and it would be nice to be able to see and use the new brick oven that you constructed. Be sure you have all the materials before you begin building it and that you always follow the plan that you have acquired to be sure to make a brick oven properly.